Ocean Magnetic Survey Records, 1905-1946

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carnegie Institution of Washington

Department of Terrestrial Magnetism Archives

Washington, DC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finding aid written by:

Charles Hargrove

November 2004

 

 


Ocean Magnetic Survey Records, 1905-1946

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

 

Page

Introduction

1

Historical Note

2

Scope and Contents

3

Folder Listing

5

Subject Terms

12

Bibliography

12

Related Collections

14

 


Ocean Magnetic Survey Records, 1905-1946

DTM-2004-04

 

Introduction

Abstract: The Galilee was chartered by the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism in 1905 and refitted to perform magnetic survey work. The Carnegie was built in 1908 and launched in 1909 specifically for the magnetic survey work started by the Galilee. These records are the data collected on the voyages of the Galilee and the Carnegie and the reductions of that data into a usable format.

Extent: 74 linear feet: 32 record center boxes, 38 flat boxes, 8 document boxes, 30 negative boxes, 2 card file boxes

 

Galilee Records: 8 linear feet: 4 record center boxes, 2 -14� x 18� flat storage boxes, 2 -5�x7� negative boxes, 2 binder boxes, 2- 12� x 15� flat storage boxes.

 

Carnegie Records: 66 linear feet: 28 record center boxes, 1 extra large record center box, 15 -14�x 18� flat storage boxes, 2 legal-sized document boxes, 6 letter-sized document boxes, 2 card file boxes, 1 -8�x10� negative box, 5-5�x7� negative boxes, 22 -5� x 7� glass plate negative boxes, 8-12� x 15� flat storage boxes, 9 binder boxes

Acquisition: The records have been in the possession of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism (DTM) since their creation.

 

Access Restrictions: There are no access restrictions to this collection.

Copyright: Copyright is held by the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington. For permission to reproduce or publish please contact the archivist at the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism.

 

Preferred Citation: Ocean Magnetic Survey Records, 1905-1946, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.

 

Processing: Charles Hargrove processed this collection in 2004. Kara Friend rehoused Galilee albums, prints and negatives into appropriate enclosures in June 2004. The original annotated prints and negative envelopes were saved as a reference file.

 

This collection was processed through the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

 

 

Historical Note

Galilee Cruises

Matthew Turner built the Galilee in San Francisco in 1891. The Department of Terrestrial Magnetism (DTM) for the purpose of conducting a general magnetic survey of the globe chartered it in 1905. The ship was refitted to minimize its effects on magnetic instruments and in September 1905 began the first of three cruises to measure magnetic variations in the Pacific.

 

On her first cruise, the Galilee departed from San Diego on September 1, 1905 sailed to Hawaii and returned to San Diego on December 9, 1905. The second cruise began in San Diego on March 2, 1906 and continued to Fanning Island, Samoa, Fiji, the Marshall Islands, Guam and Japan. On August 29, in Yokohama, Japan, the Galilee was partially sunk when a typhoon drove her on to a breakwater. Repairs required several days in dry dock. The Galilee continued her cruise on September 6 and arrived back in San Diego on October 20, 1906. The third cruise of the Galilee began on December 22, 1906 from San Diego. The cruise ended on May 21, 1908 at San Francisco. The third cruise covered roughly 35,000 miles, over twice the combined length of the first two cruises and included time in the North Pacific, an area that the other two cruises had not visited.

 

During her cruises the crew of the Galilee made numerous magnetic and astronomical observations on land and on sea.

 

Carnegie Cruises

The Carnegie was designed and built by the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism (DTM) in 1908- 1909 for the purpose of conducting a worldwide magnetic survey. The Carnegie was a replacement for the Galilee, the first ship used by the Department for magnetic survey work. Although extensively modified, the Galilee contained too much metal to get accurate magnetic readings. The Carnegie was specifically designed to be as free from ferrous metals as possible. The Carnegie was launched in June 1909 and sailed the globe for the most of the next 20 years performing magnetic survey work.

 

Cruise I lasted from mid-1909 to early 1910 and was primarily designed as test run for the ship. Cruise II was much longer, lasting from 1910 to 1913 and was the first DTM cruise to circumnavigate the globe. Cruise I and II were under the command of Capt. W.J. Peters. Cruise III was under the command of Capt. J.P. Ault. Cruise III was a relatively short cruise that went into the North Atlantic and observed a solar eclipse at Spitzbergen, Norway. Cruise IV was a much longer cruise that began in 1915. One of its main goals was a circumnavigation of Antarctica. Cruise IV came to a premature end in 1917 when events related to WWI caused it to be detained in Buenos Aires for several months. The Carnegie departed on Cruise V from Buenos Aires in December 1917 and traveled up the west coast of South America, through the Panama Canal and back to Washington in June 1918. For this short cruise the Carnegie was under the command of H.M.W. Edmonds, Ault having returned to the States by another ship. Cruise VI was another long cruise, starting from Washington in October 1919 and returning to Washington in November 1921.

 

After Cruise VI, the Carnegie was in dry dock for several years. It was extensively refurbished in 1927 and began Cruise VII from Washington on May 1, 1928. This cruise was more ambitious than the previous cruises, and a wider variety of data was collected, including biological surveys, sonic depth readings, and salinity readings. The cruise was cut tragically short when the Carnegie exploded during refueling in Apia, Samoa on November 29, 1929. Capt. Ault and Cabin Boy Anthony Kolar were killed, and the ship burned and sank. Luckily, the scientific records up to mid-November had been put on a ship headed back to the United States, and as a result very little data was lost.

 

 

Scope and Content

This collection contains the scientific records of the cruises of the Galilee and the Carnegie. The collection consists of mainly logbooks and cahiers that chronicle the scientific activities of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism during the ocean magnetic surveys conducted from 1905-1929.

 

Arrangement

The material is arranged in two series, Series 1: Records of the Galilee and Series 2: Records of the Carnegie. Series 1 is further subdivided into four subseries:

Subseries 1: Data, 1905-1908

Subseries 2: Reductions, 1909, 1911-1913, 1915-1916, 1918

Subseries 3: Navigation, 1905-1908

            Subseries 4: Images, 1905-1908

 

Series 2 is subdivided into seven subseries:

            Subseries 1: Data, 1909-1929

            Subseries 2: Reductions, 1905-1932, 1936-1937, 1940-1941, 1945-1946, n.d.

            Subseries 3: Navigation, 1905-1921, 1928-1929

            Subseries 4: Images, 1909-1929

            Subseries 5: Instructions and Correspondence, 1914-1921, 1923, 1928, 1930, 1936

            Subseries 6: Reports, 1912, 1914, 1928-1929, 1933

            Subseries 7: Biological Results, 1928-1929, 1931-1936

 

Series 1: Galilee Records, 1905-1909, 1911-1913, 1915-1916, 1918

This series contains all the records arising from the cruises of the Galilee. It includes observations, reductions and calculations, navigational logs, and images.

 

Series 1, Subseries 1: Data, 1905-1908

This series consists of the observations taken by the Galilee crew on her voyages, including magnetic observations, astronomical observations, atmospheric observations, ship�s logs, thermograms, barograms, and chronometer logs. Most of the information is contained in observation cahiers or large bound notebooks. These items are arranged chronologically. They were not placed in folders within the box.

 

Series 1, Subseries 2: Reductions, 1909, 1911-1913, 1915-1916, 1918

This subseries consists of the computations that were necessary to change the raw data of the Galilee observations into a more usable format. The reductions are arranged chronologically.

Series 1, Subseries 3: Navigation, 1905-1908

This subseries consists of logbooks, chronometer comparisons and navigational computations used in piloting the Galilee on its cruises.

 

Series 1, Subseries 4: Images, 1905-1908

This subseries consists of images of the Galilee, her crew and the places visited during her cruises. The images give an interesting view of the early 20th century in the Pacific from Samoa, to Japan, to Alaska. Japan is especially well represented as the Galilee was wrecked in a typhoon in 1906 and the crew was stranded in Japan while repairs were effected. There are photographic prints, film negatives and glass plate negatives. The images are arranged by an indexing number given to them when they were first taken. The images are both in albums and loose. Researchers will use the albums to browse the prints. The loose images, both print and negative, are duplicates of the images that appear in the albums.

 

Series 2: Carnegie Records, 1905-1937, 1940-1941, 1945-1946

This series contains all the records arising from the cruises of the Carnegie. It includes observations, reductions and computations, navigational data, images, instructions and correspondence, reports and results from biological samples.

 

Series 2, Subseries 1: Data 1909-1929

This series consists of the observations taken by the Carnegie crew on her cruises, including magnetic observations, astronomical observations, atmospheric electricity observations, biological surveys, and penetrating radiation observations. The data exists in cahiers, and is arranged by cruise and subject. Within each subject the data is arranged chronologically.

 

Series 2, Subseries 2: Reductions, 1905-1932, 1936-1937, 1940-1941, 1945-1946, n.d.

This subseries consists of the computations that were necessary to change the raw data of the Carnegie observations into a more usable format. The titles of the various reductions are taken directly from the notebooks in which they originally resided. The reductions are roughly arranged by cruise. First there are reductions that cover one particular cruise, then there are reductions that cover more than one cruise, e.g. Carnegie Cruise I + II. Some of the multiple cruise reductions cover both Carnegie and Galilee data. They are grouped in the Carnegie series because most of the data is Carnegie data. There are also a number of reductions that are not associated with a particular cruise. These are arranged in alphabetical order.

 

Series 2, Subseries 3: Navigation, 1905-1921, 1928-1929

This series consists of the daily logs and data kept on the sailing of the Carnegie. It consists of logbooks, chronometer comparisons and a radio log listing the time, frequency, and locations of the radio stations that the Carnegie used to keep in contact with the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. The logbooks consist of final logs and rough logs, the only real difference is that the final logs are neater and written in ink. There seem to be two versions of rough logs, one broken down by voyage and one kept strictly chronologically without regard to cruise from 1910 through 1920.

 

Series 2, Subseries 4: Images, 1909-1929

This series consists of images and albums of the Carnegie, its crew and its cruises. The photographs cover a very wide variety of location, from New York skylines to Japanese teahouses, and vistas of Easter Island moai to Antarctic whaling stations. The photographs also depict a wide variety of activities, including magnetic observation, dancing, showering, using a diving helmet attached to a hand-pumped oxygen tank and the flensing of a partially butchered whale. There are photographic prints, film negatives and glass plate negatives. The images are arranged by an indexing number given to them when they were first taken. The images are both in albums and loose. Researchers will use the albums to browse the prints. The loose images, both print and negative, are duplicates of the images that appear in the albums.

 

Series 2, Subseries 5: Instructions and Correspondence, 1914-1921, 1923, 1928, 1930, 1936

This subseries consists primarily of correspondence and memos back and forth between the Carnegie and DTM discussing how to take measurements and how to record data. There are also some files that relate to the publication of the Carnegie�s data after reduction. The records are arranged chronologically.

 

Series 2, Subseries 6: Reports, 1912, 1914, 1928-1929, 1933

This subseries consists of reports based on the data collected by Carnegie scientists on her cruises. The reports are arranged by cruise and then alphabetically within the cruise.

 

Series 2, Subseries 7: Biological Results, 1928-1929, 1931-1936

This subseries consists of records of biological sampling during the Carnegie�s seventh cruise and reports that were prepared from those records. There are two boxes of cards listing the various biological samplings performed on board. About half of these cards are marked as having the samples analyzed by biologists and half of the cards are marked as unanalyzed. It is unclear where these samples are now, if still extant.

 

Folder Listing

 

Box

Folder

Series 1: Galilee Records, 1905-1909, 1911-1913, 1915-1916, 1918

 

 

 

Series 1, Subseries 1: Data 1905-1908

 

 

Galilee I + II � Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1905-1906

1

 

Galilee III � Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1906-1908

2

 

Galilee I +II + III � Astronomical Observations, 1905-1908

3

 

Galilee I � Thermograph + Barograph Records, 1905

4

1

Galilee II � Thermograph + Barograph Records, 1905-1906

4

2

Galilee III � Thermograph + Barograph Records, 1906-1908

4

3

 

 

 

Series 1, Subseries 2: Reductions 1909, 1911-1913, 1915-1916, 1918

 

 

Galilee II + III � Compilations and Curves for Dip-Circle Intensity Constants, 1909, 1912

6

1

Galilee II + III � Harbor and Sea Swings and Parameter Compilations, Vol. VI, Part 1 1911-1912

6

2

Galilee II + III � Harbor and Sea Swings, Vol VI, Part 2, 1913, 1915

6

3

Galilee II + III � Summary of Course Observations Vol. VII, 1913, 1915

7

1

Galilee II + III � Horizontal Intensity, 1915

7

2

Galilee II + III � D,I,H Residuals, 1916

58

1

Galilee I + II + III � Final Adjustments of Longitudes at Sea, 1916

7

3

Galilee I + II + III � Compilation of Final Results, 1916

7

4

Galilee I, II, III � Compilations and Curves, 1916

7

5

Galilee III � Refraction Observations and Reductions, 1918

7

6

 

 

 

Series 1, Subseries 3: Navigation, 1905-1908

 

 

Galilee Chronometer Records, 1905-1908

4

 

Galilee Calculation Constants, 1905-1908

4

 

Galilee I + II + III � Logs and Navigation Workbooks, 1905-1908

5

 

 

 

 

Series 1, Subseries 4: Images 1905-1908

 

 

Cruise Yacht Galilee, Pacific Ocean Photograph Album Vol. I , 1905-1908

A-1

 

Cruise Yacht Galilee, Pacific Ocean Photograph Album Vol. II, 1907-1908

A-2

 

Cruise Yacht Galilee, Pacific Ocean Photograph Prints O.1-O.439, 1905-1908

P-1

 

Cruise Yacht Galilee, Pacific Ocean Photograph Prints O.440-O.531, 1905-1908

P-2

 

Cruise Yacht Galilee, Pacific Ocean Photograph Negatives O.1-O.439, 1905-1908

MN-1

 

Cruise Yacht Galilee, Pacific Ocean Photograph Negatives O.440-O.531, 1905-1908

MN-2

 

 

 

 

Series 2, Carnegie Records, 1905-1937, 1940-1941, 1945-1946

 

 

 

Series 2, Subseries 1: Data 1909-1929

 

 

Carnegie I � Astronomical and Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1909

8

 

Carnegie II � Astronomical Observation Cahiers, 1910-1913

9

 

Carnegie II � Astronomical Observation Cahiers, 1910-1913

10

 

Carnegie II � Atmospheric Electricity Cahiers, 1910-1913

11

 

Carnegie II � Land and Ocean Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1910-1913

12

 

Carnegie II � Ocean Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1910-1913

13

 

Carnegie II � Ocean Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1910-1913

14

 

Carnegie III � Astronomical, Magnetic and Atmospheric Electricity Observation Cahiers, 1914

15

 

Carnegie IV � Ocean Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1915-1917

16

 

Carnegie IV � Ocean Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1915-1917

17

 

Carnegie IV � Ocean Magnetic, Land Magnetic and Astronomical Observation Cahiers, 1915-1917

18

 

Carnegie IV � Astronomical and Atmospheric Electricity Observation Cahiers, 1915-1917

19

 

Carnegie IV � Atmospheric Electricity and Atmospheric Refraction Observation Cahiers, 1915-1917

20

 

Carnegie V � Astronomical, Atmospheric Electricity and Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1917-1918

21

 

Carnegie V � Land Magnetic Observations, 1917-1918

22

 

Carnegie VI � Astronomical and Atmospheric Electricity Observation Cahiers, 1919-1921

23

 

Carnegie VI � Atmospheric Electricity and Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1919-1921

24

 

Carnegie VI � Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1919-1921

25

 

Carnegie VI � Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1919-1921

26

 

Carnegie VII � Astronomical and Atmospheric Electricity Observation Cahiers, 1927-1929

27

 

Carnegie VII � Atmospheric Electricity and Magnetic Observation Cahiers, 1927-1929

28

 

Carnegie VII � Balloon Ascension Reports, 1929

29

 

Carnegie VII � Balloon Meteorology Data, 1928-1929

33

2

Carnegie VII � Gravity Records, 1929

30

 

Carnegie VII � Miscellaneous Cahiers, 1927-1929

31

 

Carnegie VII � Penetrating Radiation, 1928-1929

59

2

Carnegie VI + VII � Pitch and Roll Records, 1919-1921, 1927-1929

32

 

Carnegie VII Thermometer Records, 1927-1929

32

 

Carnegie VII � Radio Log, 1928-1929

33

1

Carnegie I-IV � Thermograph and Barograph Records, 1909-1917

34

 

Carnegie IV-VII � Thermograph and Barograph Records, 1917-1929

35

 

Magnetic Inclination Notebooks, 1909-1918, 1921

36

 

Magnetic Inclination Notebooks, 1909-1918, 1921

37

 

 

 

 

Series 2, Subseries 2: Reductions, n.d., 1905-1932, 1936-1937, 1940-1941, 1945-1946

Carnegie I � Compilation of Final Results, 1916

38

5

Carnegie ID + H Residuals, 1916

58

2

Carnegie I � Refraction Observations + Reductions, 1918-1919

38

6

Carnegie II � D, I, H Residuals, 1916

58

3

Carnegie IICompilation of Final Results, 1916

38

7

Carnegie IIRefraction Observations and Reductions, 1918

38

8

Carnegie II � Summary of Inclination Results, 1913

38

9

Carnegie III � Computations and Compilations of Final Results, 1914

39

1

Carnegie III � D, I, H Residuals, 1916

58

4

Carnegie III � Refraction Observations and Reductions, 1918

39

2

Carnegie III � Notes about Radioactivity, 1914

58

5

Carnegie III � Results of Ocean Magnetic Observations, 1914

39

3

Carnegie IV � Magnetic Elements and Their Secular Variation by Epochs, 1944

 

4

Carnegie IV � Atmospheric Electric, 1915-1916

58

6

Carnegie IV � Atmospheric Electric, 1916-1917

 

7

Carnegie IV � Computations and Compilations Atmospheric-Electricity, 1915-1916

 

8

Carnegie IV � Radioactive Decay Curves, 1915

 

9

Carnegie IV � Results of Ocean Magnetic Observations, 1915-1917

39

5

Carnegie IV � Refraction Observations and Reductions, 1918

 

6

Carnegie IV � Tabulations of A-E Diurnal Variations, 1915-1921

 

7

Carnegie V � Declination and Inclination Summaries, 1917-1918

 

8

Carnegie V � Radioactive Atmospheric Content, 1920

58

10

Carnegie V � Refraction Observations and Reductions, 1919-1920

39

9

Carnegie V � Results of Ocean Magnetic Work, 1917-1918

 

10

Carnegie VI � Compilation of Final Results, 1922

40

1

Carnegie VI � Final Results � Ocean Magnetic Observations, 1919-1921

 

2

Carnegie VI � Preliminary Results Ocean Magnetic Observations, 1919-1921

 

3

Carnegie VI � Results of Ocean Magnetic Values and Comparisons with Chart Values, 1922

 

4

Carnegie VI � Summaries of Daily A-E Observations as Transmitted to Office, 1919-1921

 

5

Carnegie VII � Air Temp. and Vapor Pressure, also Rel. Humidity, 1930-1931

46

1

Carnegie VII � Atm. Electricity Data Tabulations, 1931, 1945

 

2

Carnegie VII � Atm. Electricity Potential Gradient, 1928-1930, 1945

 

3

Carnegie VII � Atm. Press. And Sea Temp, 1930

47

1

Carnegie VII � Conductivity, 1928-1929

 

2

Carnegie VII � Conductivity � Condensation Nuclei � Ion Count � Air-Earth Current, 1929-1931, 1940-1941

 

3

Carnegie VII � Chemical (Final), 1929-1930

 

4

Carnegie VII � Final: Physical, Chemical, Dynamic I, 1930

48

1

Carnegie VII � Final Reductions and Final Constants, 1945-1946

 

2

Carnegie VII � Hydrographic Data, Alaska, 1927-1929

58

11

Carnegie VII � Magnetic Chart Corrections, 1928-1930

48

3

Carnegie VII � Meteorology, 1931-1932

 

4

Carnegie VII � Ocean Currents, 1928-1930, 1932

 

5

Carnegie VII � Oceanographic, 1930

49

1

Carnegie VII � Oceanographic Dynamic Comp. (Final), 1930

 

2

Carnegie VII � Oceanographic Reductions Tables, 1928-1929

 

3

Carnegie VII � Physical and Chemical Data and Results of Dynamic Computations for Carnegie Deep-Sea Stations, 1928-1929

58

12

Carnegie VII � Physical and Wire-Depths (Final) II, 1929-1930

49

4

Carnegie VII � Pressure Mean Harmonic Analysis, n.d.

58

13

Carnegie VII � Salinities Corrected (Final), 1930

50

1

Carnegie VII � Salinity, Temperature Graphs Superseded, 1929

 

2

Carnegie VII � Sonic Depth Finder, Original Computations Calibrations of, 1928

 

3

Carnegie VII � Sonic Depths (Final) I, 1930

 

4

Carnegie VII � Sonic Depths (Final) II, 1930

51

1

Carnegie VII � Sonic Depths Superseded, 1928-1929

 

2

Carnegie VII � Temp., Sal., Den., α� (scalings) Superseded, 1928-1929

 

3

Carnegie VII � Thermometer Comparisons, 1929-1930

 

4

Carnegie VII � Thermometer Readings, 1928

58

14

Carnegie I + II Declination Constants and Summary of Inclination Observations, 1916

40

6

Carnegie I + II Inclination and Declination, 1909-1913

41

1

Carnegie I + II Intensity Constants and Intensity Observation Reductions, 1911, 1916

 

2

Carnegie I-IV Magnetic Observation Reductions, 1922

 

3

Carnegie I-IV Marine Collimating Compass #4, 1909-1916

 

4

Carnegie IV, V, and VI � A-E Data, 1915-1921

 

5

Carnegie IV, V, and VI � Analysis for CIW Pub. 568 Mobility � Air Earth Current � Nuclei � Pot�l Grad. � Cond. Ions, 1915-1921

 

6

Carnegie IV, V, and VI � Annual Change Discussion, 1922

42

1

Carnegie IV, V, and VI � Final Reductions and Final Constants, 1916-1921

 

2

Carnegie IV, V, and VI � Office Tabulations of A-E Runs Between Ports 1916-1921

 

3

Carnegie IV, V, and VI � Radioactive Content, 1924

 

4

Annual Changes in Magnetic Values, 1910-1921

43

1

Carnegie Meteorological Reductions Jacob, Clark, 1931, 1936

 

2

Carnegie Penetrating Radiation Variations, 1915-1921

 

3

Carnegie Positive Conductivity Reductions, 1925

58

15

Comparisons of �Gauss� and Carnegie H and I Results, 1925

43

4

Diurnal Variation of Conductivity and Air-Earth Current, 1914-1921

 

5

Diurnal Variation of Ionic Content, 1915-1921

 

6

Diurnal Variations of Potential Gradient, 1915-1921

44

1

Diurnal Variation of Potential Gradient, Special Tabulation of, 1915-1921

 

2

Diurnal Variation of R (�Penetrating Radiation�), 1915-1921

 

3

Galilee and Carnegie Cruises � D Corrections Squares, 1937

 

4

Galilee and Carnegie Cruises � Secular Variation Discussion, 1905-1921

 

5

Galilee and Carnegie Cruises � Values of the Constant of Refraction, 1920

 

6

Galilee I � Carnegie VII Secular Variation Cards

59

 

Magnetic Secular Change Data, 1905-1916

45

1

Miscellaneous Carnegie A-E Tracings and Graphs, 1920-1921

 

2

Ocean Work Annual Change Discussion, 1908-1929

 

3

Ocean Work � Secular Change Discussion, 1905-1929

 

4

Tables for Oceanographic Reductions, 1929

58

16

Tabulations of Carnegie Meteorological Observations, 1915-1921

45

5

 

 

 

Series 2, Subseries 3: Navigation, 1905-1921, 1928-1929

 

 

Carnegie I � Log Book 1909

52

 

Carnegie II � Log Books 1-12, 1910-1913

52

 

Carnegie II � Log Book 13, 1913

53

 

Carnegie III � Log Books 1-2, 1914

53

 

Carnegie IV � Log Books 1-8, 1915-1917

53

 

Carnegie V � Log Books 1-2, 1918

53

 

Carnegie VI � Logs 1-8, 1919-1921

54

 

Carnegie III � Rough Log 1, 1914

54

 

Carnegie IV � Rough Log 2-6, 1915-1917

54

 

Carnegie IV + Carnegie V � Rough Log 7 1917-1918

55

 

Carnegie V Rough Log 8, 1918

55

 

Carnegie VI Rough Log 1-6, 1919-1921

55

 

Carnegie Rough Logs, 1910-1920

56

 

Chronometer Comparisons, 1909-1915

57

 

Abstracts of the Log of the Carnegie, 1905-1915

38

1

Carnegie IV + V � Chronometer Comparison, 1915-1918

 

2

Carnegie V + VI Log Abstracts, 1917-1921

 

3

Carnegie VI � Chronometer Comparisons, 1919-1921

 

4

Carnegie VII Greenwich Mean Noon Observations, 1928-1929

59

1

 

 

 

Series 2, Subseries 4: Images, 1909-1929

 

 

Carnegie Ship Photograph Album Vol. I, 1909 C1-C131

A-3

 

Carnegie Ship Photograph Album Vol. II, 1909-1911 C132-C280

A-4

 

Carnegie Ship Photograph Album Vol. III, 1911-1914 C281-C529

A-5

 

Carnegie Ship Photograph Album Vol. IV, 1915-1916 C530-C760

A-6

 

Carnegie Ship Photograph Album Vol. V, 1916-1920 C762-C1292

A-7

 

Carnegie Ship Photograph Album Vol. VI, 1919-1921 C1293-C1755

A-8

 

Carnegie Ship Photograph Album Vol. VII, 1927-1928 C1756-C2451b

A-9

 

Carnegie Ship Photograph Album Vol. VIII, 1928-1929 C2451c-C2970

A-10

 

Carnegie Photographs, C1-C238, 1909-1911

P-3

 

Carnegie Photographs, C239-C774, 1911-1916

P-4

 

Carnegie Photographs, C778-C1697, 1916-1921

P-5

 

Carnegie Photographs, C1698-C1949, 1921-1927

P-6

 

Carnegie Photographs, C1950-C2270, 1927-1928

P-7

 

Carnegie Photographs, C2271-C2547, 1928-1929

P-8

 

Carnegie Photographs, C2548-C2708, 1929

P-9

 

Carnegie Photographs, C2709-C2901, 1929

P-10

 

Carnegie Photographs, C2902-C2960, 1929

P-11

 

Carnegie Negatives, C1-C357, 1909-1914

MN-3

 

Carnegie Negatives, C358-C952, 1914-1917

MN-4

 

Carnegie Negatives, C953-C1330, 1917-1920

MN-5

 

Carnegie Negatives, C1331-C1649, 1920-1921

MN-6

 

Carnegie Negatives, C1650-C2956, 1921-1929

MN-7

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C11-C55b

GP-1

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C56-112

GP-2

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C113-C264

GP-3

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C265-C283

GP-4

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C284-C311

GP-5

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C312-C413

GP-6

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C414-C458

GP-7

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C459-C496

GP-8

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C497-C516

GP-9

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C517-C607

GP-10

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C608-C627

GP-11

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C628-C677

GP-12

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C678-C698

GP-13

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C699-C724

GP-14

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C725-C754

GP-15

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C755-C774

GP-16

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C775-C794

GP-17

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C795-C854

GP-18

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C855-C921

GP-19

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C922-C941

GP-20

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C942-C1233

GP-21

 

Carnegie Glass Plate Negatives, C1248I-C1285

GP-22

 

 

 

 

Series 2, Subseries 5: Instructions and Correspondence, 1914-1921, 1923, 1928, 1930, 1936

Carnegie Correspondence Index, 1914-1915

58

17

Carnegie IV � Memo re: Mauchly�s Trip, 1915

 

18

A-E Book 1 Cruises III + IV, 1914-1916

 

19

A-E Book 2 Cruises IV + V (To Carnegie), 1916-1917

 

20

A-E Book 3 Cruise VI (To Carnegie), 1918-1921

 

21

A-E Book 4 Cruise VI (From Carnegie), 1919-1921

22

Memos re: Measurements, 1923, 1928

 

23

Carnegie VII � Memoranda on Deep-Sea Reversing Thermometer, 1928

 

24

Memo re: Physical Oceanography, 1930

58

25

Carnegie VII � Proposal as to the Publication of the Results of Work on Board the Carnegie, 1936

26

 

 

 

Series 2, Subseries 6: Reports, 1912, 1914, 1928-1929, 1933

 

 

Carnegie II � Account Book, 1912

58

27

Carnegie III � Atmospheric-Electric Observations, 1914

 

28

Carnegie VII � Atmospheric-Electricity Progress Reports, 1928-1929

 

29

Carnegie VII � Collecting Bottom Sediments, 1929

 

30

Carnegie VII � Oceanography Reports, 1928

 

31

Carnegie VII � The Phosphate-Content of the Atlantic Ocean, 1929

 

32

Carnegie VII � Reports on Legs of Cruise and Radio Work, 1928-1929

 

33

Carnegie VII � Sonic Depth Findings, 1929

 

34

Carnegie VII � Subsurface Water Temperatures, 1929

 

35

Carnegie VII � Use of Regional Constant Correction-Factors for Reduction of Echo-Soundings, 1933

 

36

 

 

 

Series 2, Subseries 7: Biological Results, 1928-1929, 1931-1936

 

 

Carnegie VII � Biological Samples Cards Completed and Returned by Biologists, 1928-1929

59

 

Carnegie VII � Biological Samples Cards Not Distributed to Biologists, 1928-1929

60

 

Carnegie VII � File re: Biological Reports, 1931-1936

61

3

Carnegie VII � List of Plankton Tows, 1928-1929

 

4

Carnegie VII � Table: Distribution of Polychaetous Annelids, 1928-1929

 

5

 

 

Subject Terms

Topics:           Atmospheric electricity

Scientific expeditions

Geophysics

Geomagnetism

Geomagnetism --observations

Oceanography

                     

Corporate Names: Carnegie Institution of Washington. Department of Terrestrial Magnetism

Galilee (ship)

Carnegie (ship)

 

Forms:            Calculations

                        Correspondence         

Logs (Records)

Photographs   

Photograph albums

 

 

Bibliography

Paul, J. Harland, The Last Cruise of the Carnegie, Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins Company, 1932.

 

A number of publications were produced from the data collected on the Ocean Magnetic Survey.

 

Researches of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism
(CIW Publication 175, published in 26 volumes, 1912-1969)


vol. 3: Ocean Magnetic Observations, 1905-1916, and Reports on Special Researches. By L. A. Bauer, with W. J. Peters, J. A. Fleming, J. P. Ault, and W. F. G. Swann (1917)

-- includes magnetic and atmospheric-electric results from Galilee cruises I, II, and III (1905-1908) and Carnegie cruises I, II, and III (1909-1914)


vol. 5: Ocean Magnetic and Electric Observations, 1915-1921. By J. P. Ault, S. J. Mauchly, W. J. Peters, L. A. Bauer, and J. A. Fleming (1926)

-- includes magnetic and atmospheric-electric results from Carnegie cruises IV, V, and VI (1915-1921)


vol. 8: Land and Ocean Magnetic Observations, 1927-1944. By W. F. Wallis and J. W. Green (1947)

-- includes magnetic results from Carnegie cruise VII (1928-1929) -- for atmospheric-electric results, see CIW Publication 568

 

Scientific Results of Cruise VII of the Carnegie During 1928-29
Under the Command of Captain J. P. Ault

(published in 13 volumes, 1942-1945)

 

Biology-I. The Copepods of the Plankton Gathered During the Last Cruise of the Carnegie. By C. B.Wilson (1942). CIW Publication 536

Biology-II. The Oceanic Tintinnoina of the Plankton Gathered During the Last Cruise of the Carnegie. By A. S. Campbell (1942). CIW Publication 537

Biology-III. Studies in the Morphology, Taxonomy, and Ecology of the Peridiniales. By H. W.Graham (1942). CIW Publication 542

Biology-IV. Biological Results of the Last Cruise of the Carnegie. By H. W. Graham et al. (1943). CIW Publication 555

Biology-V. The Genus Ceratium in the Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans. By H. W. Graham and N. Bronikovsky (1944). CIW Publication 565

Chemistry-I. Chemical Results of the Last Cruise of the Carnegie. By H. W. Graham and E. G. Moberg (1944). CIW Publication 562

Meteorology-I. Meteorological Results of Cruise VII of the Carnegie, 1928-1929. By W. C. Jacobs and K. B. CIarke (1943). CIW Publication 544

Meteorology-II. Upper-Wind Observations and Results Obtained on Cruise VII of the Carnegie. By A. Thomson (1943). CIW Publication 547

Oceanography-I-A. Observations and Results in Physical Oceanography. By H. U. Sverdrup, F. M. Soule, J. A. Fleming, and C. C. Ennis (1944). CIW Publication 545A

Oceanography-I-B. Observations and Results in Physical Oceanography, Graphical and Tabular Summaries. By J. A. Fleming, H. U. Sverdrup, C. C. Ennis, S. L. Seaton, and W. C. Hendrix (1945). CIW Publication 545B

Oceanography-II. Part I. Marine Bottom Samples Collected in the Pacific Ocean by the Carnegie on its Seventh Cruise. By R. R. Revelle. Part II. Radium Content of Ocean-Bottom Sediments. By C. S. Piggott (1944). CIW Publication 556

Oceanography-III. Ocean Atmospheric-Electric Results. By O. H. Gish, W. C. Parkinson, O. W.Torreson, and G. R. Wait (1945). CIW Publication 568

Oceanography-IV. The Work of the Carnegie and Suggestions for Future Scientific Cruises. (1945). CIW Publication 571

Contents:

I. The captain's report, by J. P. Ault
II. Narrative of the cruise, by J. H. Paul
III. The magnetic work of the Carnegie and the urgency of new ocean magnetic surveys, by J. A. Fleming*
IV. The
Carnegie: its personnel, equipment, and work, by E. Moberg
V. Gravity determinations on the
Carnegie, by S. E. Forbush
VI. Note on the fluorine content of rocks and ocean-bottom samples, by E. S. Shepherd
VII. Future ocean magnetic, electric, and oceanographic surveys
VIII. Complete bibliography of Cruise VII of the
Carnegie, by R. M. Crow


* Note: magnetic results of Cruise VII were published in Land and Ocean Magnetic Observations, 1927-1944 [CIW Publication 175, vol. 8]

Other Monographs

Description of the Earth's Main Magnetic Field and its Secular Change, 1905-1945. By E. H. Vestine, Lucile Laporte, Isabelle Lange, Caroline Cooper, and W. C. Hendrix. (1947). CIW Publication 578

The Geomagnetic Field, its Description and Analysis. By E. H. Vestine, Isabelle Lange, Lucile Laporte, W. E. Scott. (1947). CIW Publication 580

 

 

Related Collections

Instrument and Equipment Records, 1892-1970, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.

 

James Percy Ault Papers, 1904-1957, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.

 

Louis A. Bauer Papers, 1892-1939, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.