Howard Edwin Tatel Papers, 1924-1960

(Bulk 1945-1957)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carnegie Institution of Washington

Department of Terrestrial Magnetism Archives

Washington, DC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finding aid written by:

Ann Mulfort

March, 2005

 

 


Howard Edwin Tatel Papers, 1924-1960 (Bulk 1945-1957)

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

 

Page

Introduction

1

Biographical Sketch

1

Scope and Contents Note

2

Folder Listing

4

Subject Terms

9

Bibliography

9

 


Howard Edwin Tatel Papers, 1924-1960 (Bulk 1945-1957)

DTM-2005-04

 

Introduction

Abstract: This collection contains the personal papers of physicist, Dr. Howard E. Tatel, throughout his employment at the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. They span roughly 12 years, including correspondence, drawings, notes, and manuscripts. Tatel�s work in radio astronomy and seismology, as well as many other topics are documented.

Extent: 4 linear feet; 3 records center cartons, 1 flat box, 2 map folders

Acquisition: The records have been in the possession of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism (DTM) since their creation.

 

Access Restrictions: There are no access restrictions to this collection.

Copyright: Copyright is held by the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington. For permission to reproduce or publish please contact the archivist at the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism.

 

Preferred Citation: Howard Edwin Tatel Papers, 1924-1960, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.

 

Processing: This collection was processed by Ann Mulfort in March 2005 through the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

 

H.E. Tatel Biographical Sketch

Howard Edwin Tatel was born on December 22, 1913 in New York City. After completing his B.S. and M.S. degrees in 1935 and 1936 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he earned a Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1939. He was a Research Associate in nuclear physics at the University of Michigan from 1939-1941 when he was called upon by the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW) to aid in their defense work for the OSRD (Office of Scientific Research and Development) directed by then President of Carnegie, Dr. Vannevar Bush. Throughout World War II, he worked on the proximity fuze project with Dr. Merle A. Tuve at the Applied Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University.

 

As the newly appointed director of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism (DTM), Tuve hired Tatel in September, 1947 to work on explosion seismology. In 1948, Tatel was named Chairman of DTM�s Earth Crust Section. During his tenure, major seismologic expeditions included California in 1949; Canadian Shield, Puget Sound, and Mesabi Range studies in 1951; Colorado Plateau in 1954; Alaska and Yukon Territory in 1954; and the Andean Expedition of 1957. The 1957 expedition to Peru, Bolivia, and Chile was in conjunction with the International Geophysical Year (IGY). Tatel served as the US Secretary of the Panel on Seismology and Gravity during this expedition. This was his last expedition. Tatel died on November 15, after emergency surgery to remove a brain tumor. He left behind wife Molly (married in 1938), son David, and daughter Judith.

 

Although devoting most of his work to seismology, Tatel also studied gravity and radio astronomy. His talent for developing special equipment flourished. These talents culminated in the patents of several of his autonomous and cooperative designs: magnetic detonator, projectile radio sonde, telemetric gages, anti-collision system for ships and planes, as well as components of the proximity fuze. In addition, his work leading to the design and production of a radio telescope for DTM was recognized in 1958 by the naming of the Howard E. Tatel Telescope at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Green Bank, WV. He was a member of the American Geophysical Union and the USA National Committee of the International Scientific Radio Union, as well as a fellow of the American Physical Society and a board member of the American Geological Institute.

 

Scope and Content

This collection contains the personal papers of Dr. Howard Edwin Tatel throughout and after World War II until his death in 1957. Materials include correspondence, notes, manuscripts, publications, drawings, equipment designs, and photographs. His interests and work in such varied fields as radio astronomy, cosmic rays, gravity, nuclear physics, and seismology are documented. In addition, his talent for equipment design development is revealed in this collection.

 

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in three series:

            Series 1: General, 1934-1935, 1938, 1940, 1942-1943, 1945-1957, n.d.

            Series 2: Radio astronomy, 1944, 1946, 1952-1957, n.d.

            Series 3: Seismology, 1924, 1946-1957, 1959-1960, n.d.

The files are arranged alphabetically within each series, with the exception of the Seismic Monograph materials in series 3. They are arranged in chapter order after the notes and outlines files.

 

Series 1: General, 1934-1935, 1938, 1940, 1942-1943, 1945-1957, n.d.

This series contains correspondence; drawings; notes; foreign scientific reprints; and photographs which demonstrate the breadth of Tatel�s scientific interests and work. Of note in this series is the assembly of Tatel�s series of lectures (1947-1948) containing over 200 pages, with former DTM Director John Fleming�s commendation to DTM for adding Tatel to its staff. (See [�Geophysical Notes� Lecture Series] file.)

 

Series 2: Radio astronomy, 1944, 1946, 1952-1957, n.d.

This series includes telescope and antenna drawings; photographs; correspondence; graphs; and calculations which demonstrate Tatel�s talent for designing equipment. He worked extensively with the Blaw-Knox Company of Pittsburgh to create a radio telescope for DTM. Although he died before seeing his vision realized, an 85 foot telescope was constructed and named in his memory in 1958. It was the first major radio telescope to be installed at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, WV. As of 2000, it was still in use.

 

 

Series 3: Seismology, 1924, 1946-1957, 1959-1960, n.d.

This series contains correspondence; photographs; graphs; calculations; notes; drawings; foreign scientific reprints; and manuscripts of articles and an unpublished partial monograph. The monograph files contained in this series are a collaboration between Tatel and DTM Director, Dr. Merle A. Tuve. Upon Tatel�s death, it appears that Tuve added notes (1959-1960), but did not complete the project. These files are arranged first by notes and outlines, then by chapter number as listed in the outline file.

Folder Listing

 

Box

Folder

Series 1: General, 1934-1935, 1938, 1940, 1942-1943, 1945-1957, n.d.

 

 

AGI [American Geological Institute], 1956

1

1

Ahrens, 1949

 

2

Amplifier, 1946

 

3

[Anti-Collision System Patent], 1956, n.d.

 

4

APL [Applied Physics Laboratory Loans], 1948

 

5

Argon, 1950, n.d.

 

6

Argon40 and the Age of the Earth, 1951

 

7

Army Map Service, 1948

 

8

Belville Spring [for Pressure Instruments], 1945

 

9

Bernadini, 1949, 1950

 

10

Bolivia (Gravity), 1955-1957

 

11

Bullard, 1948

 

12

CD [Civil Defense], 1950-1951, n.d.

 

13

Capacity Terminated Coax, 1943, n.d.

 

14

Carbon-Neutrons, 1950, n.d.

 

15

[Cathode-Coupled Coincidence Circuit], 1947

 

16

[Chemical Bonds: Pauling], n.d.

 

17

Circuits, 1945-1947

 

18

Circuits-Miscellaneous, 1945-1947, n.d.

 

19

Coax Coupling, 1943

 

20

Cosmic Ray Meters, 1935, 1949

 

21

Cosmic Ray Miscellaneous, 1946-1947, n.d.

 

22

Coupling-resonant, 1943, n.d.

 

23

Earth Formation Temp, n.d.

 

24

[Earth�s Crust/Gravity Measurements], 1956, n.d.

 

25

Elssasser, n.d.

 

26

European Trip, 1951, n.d.

 

27

Experiments Proposed, 1946-1948, n.d.

 

28

Ferraro�s Talks, 1948-1949

 

29

Fu, 1948

 

30

[Geoid and Gravity], 1956, n.d.

 

31

[Geoid Height], 1956-1957, n.d.

 

32

[�Geophysical Notes� Lecture Series], 1947-1948 [1 of 2]

 

33

[�Geophysical Notes� Lecture Series], 1947-1948 [2 of 2]

 

34

Geophysics-Miscellaneous, 1947-1951, n.d.

 

35

Geophysics Notes, 1953-1954

 

36

Gravity, 1948, 1950, n.d.

 

37

Gravity (at sea), 1948, n.d.

 

38

Gravity manuscript for National Academy of Sciences, 1956-1957, n.d.

 

39

Hall Generator, 1952

 

40

Heiskanen, 1951, 1955-1956

 

41

High Pressure Conference at Geophysical Lab, 1957

 

42

Historical Geophysics, 1949, n.d.

 

43

[Hungarian Geophysical Publications], 1955

 

44

[Laboratory Amplifier Instructions], n.d.

 

45

Lecture Notes-Miscellaneous, 1951-1952

 

46

Libby, 1949, n.d.

 

47

[Loose Notes], 1947-1948, n.d.

 

48

Magnet, 1948-1950, 1955-1957, n.d.

 

49

Magnetic Rocket, 1948

 

50

Nanda, n.d.

 

51

[National Academy of Sciences appointment], 1956

 

52

[National Bureau of Standards] Time Signals, 1945

 

53

Notes on papers, n.d.

 

54

Nuclear Physics, 1952-1953

 

55

Pendulum, n.d.

 

56

Possibly for Publication: Manuscripts, 1952, 1956

 

57

Princeton [Cosmic Ray], 1946, n.d.

 

58

[Projectile Radio Sonde Patent], 1953

 

59

References-Geophysics, 1949, n.d.

 

60

RLH-Drawings, 1946-1947, n.d.

 

61

Rossi, 1949

 

62

Schein, 1947-1948, n.d.

 

63

Seminar, 1951-1952

 

64

Seminar-Geophysics, 1949, 1953

 

65

Skagway Gravity Shots, 1955-1957

4

1

Susceptibility Coil, 1949-1950

1

66

Susceptibility [Meter], 1949, n.d.

 

67

[Tatel�s Publications], 1934, 1938, 1940, 1942, 1947, 1948, 1950-1951, 1954, 1956

 

68

Teller�s Talk, 1949

 

69

�Terella� �Earth�s File, n.d.

 

70

Under Water Cable Connector drawing, n.d.

 

71

V-2, 1946-1948, n.d.

 

72

V-2 Circuit Diagrams, 1946, n.d.

 

73

Varve, 1948-1949

2

1

Wave Guide, Iono., Love Waves, 1951, n.d.

 

2

Yukon Gravity, 1954, 1956, n.d.

 

3

 

 

 

Series 2: Radio astronomy, 1944, 1946, 1952-1957, n.d.

 

 

60 foot Blaw Knox, 1956-1957

2

4

84 foot Reflector Mount Design, 1955

Map Drawer 15

2

AUI [Associated Universities Inc.]-140 foot Dish, 1955-1957

4

2

Antenna, 1956

2

5

Antenna Mount, 1952, n.d.

 

6

Australia, 1952, 1954-1955

 

7

Big Dish; 60 foot plus, 1954-1957

 

8

Big Dish Tests, 1954-1956, n.d.

 

9

Blaw-Knox, 1955-1957, n.d.

 

10

Bolometer, 1952, n.d.

 

11

Calculation on the 60 foot Dish Mount, 1956, n.d.

 

12

[Correspondence, Memos, and Designs], 1955-1956

 

13

[D.S. Kennedy & Co.], 1953-1955, n.d.

 

14

Deflection Test of 60 foot Reflector, 1955

 

15

Designs of Reflectors, 1952-1953, 1955-1957, n.d.

 

16

Engineering Study: Equatorially Mounting a 60 foot Parabolic Reflector, 1955

 

17

[Flow Limiter and Screw], 1955

 

18

Franklin-Notes, 1956

 

19

Gears, 1952-1953, 1955-1956, n.d.

 

20

Gears-Servo, 1955

 

21

H-Line, 1955-1956

 

22

[Harvard Papers on Radio Astronomy Symposium], 1955

 

23

Helfer Tables, n.d.

 

24

Mills [reprint], 1952

 

25

[Miscellaneous Correspondence and Notes], 1953-1955, n.d.

 

26

Multi-Channel, 1954-1955

 

27

Noise in Radio Aerials, 1953, 1957, n.d.

 

28

[Norwegian and Australian publications], 1952, 1955

 

29

[Notes on Radio Astronomy and Designs], 1955, n.d.

 

30

NSF [National Science Foundation], 1955

 

31

[Preliminary 21 cm Meridian Plane Surveys Manuscript], 1954-1955

 

32

R.A. [Radio Astronomy], 1952-1955, n.d.

 

33

R.A. tech 54 Channel Set, 1953, n.d.

 

34

[Radiation pattern of Cassegrain system], 1953, 1955

 

35

Radio Astronomy, 1944, 1946, 1953-1956, n.d.

 

36

Resonance-Moon, n.d.

 

37

Spectra, 1952, n.d.

 

38

Static Tests of 60 foot Reflector, 1954

 

39

Sylvania, 1954-1955

 

40

[Telescope Drawings and Calculations], 1953-1955, n.d.

4

3

Telescope Structure Analysis, 1955, n.d.

2

41

 

 

 

Series 3: Seismology, 1924, 1946-1957, 1959-1960, n.d.

 

 

[AGU Talk on Alaskan Expedition], 1956

2

42

Adams, ca. 1950s

 

43

[Additional Notes on Seismometers], 1956-1957

 

44

Africa, 1949, 1954

 

45

Alaska, 1954-1955

 

46

Altimeters, 1955-1957, n.d.

 

47

Andes Expedition, 1955-1957

 

48

Argentina, 1956-1957

 

49

[Articles manuscripts], 1949, 1951, 1953

 

50

[Average Crustal Characteristics and Reverberation], n.d.

 

51

[Bending of a Spring Seismic Study], 1956

 

52

Big Explosions, 1948-1950, n.d.

4

4

Bolivia, 1956-1957

2

53

Cable, 1953-1954, 1956

 

54

Calculations, 1950, 1953, 1957, n.d.

 

55

Calculations [Seismic Waves], 1949-1950, n.d.

 

56

California, 1949, n.d.

 

57

Chile, 1956-1957

 

58

Colombia, 1956-1957

 

59

Columbia (Ewing, etc.), 1950, 1954, n.d.

 

60

Columbia [Symposium], 1953-1955

 

61

Companies-Copper Mines, South America, 1955-1957

 

62

Cooperation, 1949-1955, n.d.

 

63

Correspondence, 1949-1957, n.d.

3

1

Countries, 1956

 

2

Crustal Subcurrents, n.d.

 

3

[Distance Time Curve], 1952-1954, n.d.

 

4

Ecuador, 1956-1957

 

5

[Explanation of Various Well Records], 1954

 

6

FCC, 1946-1953, 1955-1957, n.d.

 

7

Galvanometer, 1950-1953, n.d.

 

8

[Generation of Surface Waves], 1953

 

9

Greig [Seismic Shot] Reports, 1948-1949

 

10

Ground Pulse, 1948, n.d.

 

11

Instruments-Calculations, 1949, n.d.

 

12

Instruments Extramural, 1946, 1950-1952, 1954, 1956

 

13

Japan, ca. 1954

 

14

Lambert, 1956

 

15

[Miscellaneous], 1950-1956, n.d.

 

16

[Miscellaneous Manuscripts], 1953-1957, n.d.

 

17

Monograph, 1955, n.d.

 

18

[Monograph Notes], 1949, 1954-1956, n.d.

 

19

[Monograph Outlines], 1954-1955, 1959-1960

 

20

[Monograph I: Introduction], n.d.

 

21

[Monograph III: Instruments], 1952, 1954-1955, 1957, n.d.

 

22

[Monograph IV: Chesapeake Region], n.d.

 

23

[Monograph V: Search for �Depth Probe�; Analysis of Ground Motion], 1955, n.d.

 

24

[Monograph VI: Travel Time Curves], 1955, n.d.

 

25

[Monograph XII: Reverberation], 1953, 1955-1956, n.d.

 

26

[Monograph XIII: Strain Seismometer], 1952-1953, 1955, n.d.

 

27

H. Nakano on Rayleigh Waves, 1924

 

28

Neumann, 1950-1951

 

29

Obert, 1952

 

30

Old DTM Seismic Notes, 1949, 1951

 

31

ONR [Office of Naval Research], 1948-1954

 

32

Pekeris, 1956

 

33

Peru, 1956-1957

 

34

Plans-South America, 1956-1957, n.d.

 

35

[�Problems in Continental Structure�], 1956

 

36

Rabi, n.d.

 

37

[Reflection of Seismic Waves], n.d.

 

38

[Reports], 1954-1955, n.d.

 

39

Rock Magnetism-Correspondence, 1948-1952

 

40

Rock Magnetism-Plans, 1948-1951

 

41

Rock Magnetism-Reports, 1949-1950, n.d.

 

42

Rock Magnetism-Tech, 1949-1950, n.d.

 

43

Runcorn, 1952

 

44

Russia, 1954-1955

 

45

Santa Cruz, 1949, n.d.

 

46

Seis Program, 1948-1951, n.d.

 

47

Seis-Tech, 1957, n.d.

 

48

Seismic Calculations & Notes, 1949-1950, 1953-1955, n.d.

 

49

Seismic-General, 1956-1957

 

50

Seismic Model Experiments, 1951, 1955, n.d.

 

51

Seismic Notebook III, 1956

 

52

[Seismic Studies], n.d.

 

53

[Seismogram article manuscript], 1953

 

54

Seismometer Theory, n.d.

 

55

Shipping: South American Trip, 1957

 

56

Shoots, 1948-1953, n.d.

 

57

South American Seismic Manual Spares, 1952, 1956-1957, n.d.

 

58

South American Trip, 1957, n.d.

 

59

Sprengnether, 1948, 1951, n.d.

 

60

Strain Gauge, 1952-1953

 

61

Strain Seismo, 1953

 

62

[Texas Lecture], 1949-1950

 

63

Time Travel Drawings, 1952, n.d.

Map Drawer 15

3

Toronto, 1951-1952

3

64

Urey, 1949

 

65

[US Coast and Geodetic Survey], 1956

 

66

[Underground Explosion Tests], 1950-1951

 

67

Velocity vs. Depth-Seismic, 1951-1954

 

68

Venezuela, 1957

 

69

[W & T Altimeter], 1957, n.d.

 

70

Wheeler, 1949

 

71

O. Wolfe, 1949

 

72

 

Subject Terms

 

Topics:           Radio astronomy

                        Seismology

 

Occupation:   Geophysicists

Physicists

 

Corporate Names:       Carnegie Institution of Washington. Dept. of Terrestrial Magnetism.

 

Personal Names:         Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982.

 

Forms:            Calculations                         

                        Correspondence

                        Design drawings

                        Graphs

                        Lecture notes

                        Manuscripts

 

Bibliography

 

Dr. Howard Tatel Dead; Noted Earth Physicist. (1957, November 16). The Evening Star, p. A12.

 

Ghigo, F. (2000). The Tatel Telescope. Retrieved Feb. 18, 2005 from http://www.gb.nrao.edu/fgdocs/tatel/tatel.html

 

Haskins, Caryl P. (1958). Report of the President. In Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book, v. 57 (pp. 45-46). Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington.

 

Related Collections

 

Merle Antony Tuve Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Seismology Program Records, 1932-2001, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.